Self Sustaining Campaign: A campaign to make Chepang Self Sustained.

Antare Chepang with his children's poosing for Photograph
Antare Chepang with his children’s poosing for Photograph

Self Sustaining Campaign for Chepang Community

Introduction to Chepang Community:

The Chepang are one of Nepal’s most disadvantaged indigenous groups and are classified under the ‘highly marginalized’ category on the basis of a set of socio-economic indicators, such as population size, language literacy rate, house type, landownership, occupation and access to higher education. Although no longer a nomadic tribe, the Chepangs have largely preserved their unique tribal identity by maintaining their traditional knowledge system and continuing to practice animism.The Chepangs inhabit in the hilly areas of the district of Nepal and is scattered mainly across the districts of Chitwan (40%), Makwanpur (29%), Dhading (20%) and Gorkha (5%) where the majority live in sheds made of tree branches.

Why Chepangs are always deprived/backward and highly marginalized?
Poverty:
According to the recent Nepal Living Standard Survey, almost 90 percent of Chepangs live below the poverty line, earning around 6,000 Nepali rupees per capita annually. Poverty dwindles the whole life process in acquiring education, getting health treatment and other fulfillment of basic necessities.

Education:
Immediate cause of vulnerability for Chepang is their lack of education. The Nepal Chepang Association (NCA) reported that more than three quarters of all Chepang are illiterate and that only one percent of Chepang women know how to read and write, compared to the national average of around 50 percent.

Until 2009, only two Chepangs had completed a Master’s degree, 21 (four female) a higher Secondary education and 127 (27 female) a School Leaving Certificate (grade ten).

Remoteness:
The remoteness of Chepang settlements is regarded as one of the main reasons behind these low literacy rates. Most Chepang villages have only a primary school and students need to travel three to five hours every day, usually over sloped and difficult terrain, to attend secondary level schools. Due to a lack of financial means, few Chepang students can afford to stay in hostels closer to educational facilities.

Lack of awareness:
A general lack of awareness of the importance of education among Chepang parents and the high prevalence of illiteracy also constitute a big obstacle for the education of their children. Faced with serious challenges in maintaining their livelihoods, many Chepang parents take their children out of school to help with household, agricultural and wage work. As a result, the dropout rate is very high among Chepang school children.

Unfertile land:
More stones at cultivating lands leading to less productions
Health:
Have to walk 7 hours to reach nearest medical centre of chitwan. So many youth die just because of non fatal diseases like diarrhea, excess fever, rabies, titanas etc

Our missions
Its objective is to contribute in supplying humanitarian supports for much deprived people combating against hunger, socio-economic backwardness, cultural crisis, all kinds of exclusion and marginalization.
Our ultimate goal is to enhance the wellbeing of needy people dwelling at remote settlements of Nepal. We do believe that this goal can be best attained if much attention is focused to health and education so far.

Prospects/Possibilities:
(i) Concept of SETTLERS: Philanthropists, researchers, students, anthropologists and stasticians will adopt a chepang life style and stay as settlers during their vacation for a day, week or month as per their demand.

(ii) Promote village tourism in the name of welfare and socio-cultural exchange program between rural and urban life.

(iii) In a nutshell, our activities there includes human health, animal health, animal husbandry, training’s on agriculture, distribution of seeds, survey of the whole village and brooding on a master plan for the transformation. The main aim of this article is to guide directions and help chepang people to become self sustained.
What we could do??
(A) Build a resource centre/ Community Learning Center:
Construct a building; (uses of building)
For official use
Collection of antiques, museum
Preservation of dresses
Can run adult literacy classes
Can conduct meetings
Provide trainings
Show documentaries related to KRISHI KARYAKRAM, livelihood transformations, influential shows.
Room for visitors
Place for researchers
Compile all the information about Chepang community and conduct filing and handling
Keep all the information required for (Help my study about Chepang Community)

(B) Immediate income generational activities: Minimizing poverty.
Poverty Minimization program for Chepang Community
To help them earn immediately, the following activities will be carried out:
(i) Distribution of chicks.
(ii) Bamboo rack, stool, hanger and other materials making.
(iii) Making wooden materials
(iv) Dhaka cloth weaving, handicrafts, chakati, gundri, doko, dalo, Namlo.
(v) Give training to make pickles of Aamala, citric fruits, mangoes as these fruits are available in large amount.
Sell these items and make earning out of it.
(C) Skill enhancement:
i) Animal husbandry training to rear goats, cow, chicken, duck, fish etc.
ii) Agriculture training for producing Tori, Kurilo, beans, faper, ginger, turmeric, potato etc.
iii) Horticulture training to plant and produce apple, citrus and other fruits.
iv) Technical training such as mason, carpenter etc.

(D) Education
Achieving Universal primary education not only contributes for development and protection of children, but also helps prohibit and prevent child labor exploitation, child trafficking, child soldiers, and children with disabilities and children in conflict with laws. This will also help to bring down the child marriage rate, corporal punishment and so on.
Quality education has been the major challenges
(i) Take volunteers to the government schools and teach for few days
(ii) Establish one nearest proximity school
(iii) Make a committee of literate or educated members of local chepang people and carry out baseline study to identify the problems and sort it.
(iv) ………………………………………………

(E) Health
To ensure the quality health, we will do the following activities:
i) Awareness campaign
ii) Toilet construction
iii) Maternal and Child health training
iv) Health camps from time to time
v) First aid training
vi) Adolescents health training and programs
vii) Family Planning

(F) Ensure Environmental Sustainability:
Every action of human beings needs to be environmentally friendly and sustainable. Otherwise, any development work no matter whether big or small will make an adverse effect to society. Environment sustainability will ultimately help reduce the problems like internal conflict, internal displacement.

Chepang traditionally practices some slash-and-burn agriculture, or simple hoe-based horticulture along with mostly hunting and gathering from the forests, which has adversely affected the environment of nearby villages. There almost no trees nearby villages.
(i) Tree plantation
1,00,000 Chiuri plantation – Holy tree of chepang community.
Find its usefulness: http://www.bishwaschepang.wordpress.com- interrelationship between Chepang and Chiuri plant
-Biswash Chepang
125bishwas@gmail.com

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